All puppies sold to familes are sold as pets and are not to be used for breeding purposes. All owners are required to sign and spay and neuter agreement. I want my puppies to go to loving homes as companion pets. The benefits of having your pet spayed or neutered fair outweighs the risks. Pets that are spayed and neutered live longer, healthy lives, and have less behavioral issues.
In female dogs breast cancer and uterine infections are elimated once they are spayed and they should be spayed prior to their first cycle to elimate these risks. In male dogs prostate and testicular cancer are elininated once neutered.
A responsible breeder will make sure that the pets they place in forever homes are sold with a spay and neuter agreement.